The Prophet Muhammad, the last Prophet, first originated the festival of Eid. When the last Prophet arrived at the city Madinah he found people celebrating two days in which people use to please and entertain by playing and merriment. When the Prophet asked them about the celebrations, they said occasion of the recreation is festivals at jahilliyah. At this point Prophet Muhammad has set these two days as Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha.
It is celebrated on the first sighting of the cresant moon shorty after sunset. If the moon is not observed after 29th day of previous lunar month, then it is celebrated on the following day. Eid-ul-Adha is celebrated on the 10th day of Dhu al- Hijjah of Islam month.
Eid is celebrated for three days. People greet each other with the common greeting Eid Mubarak, which means Happy Eid. Generally wake up early in the morning and offer pre sunrise prayers. Before the Fajr prayer, people clean their teeth and take shower and put new clothes. They also apply perfumes. It if forbidden for the Muslims to fast on the Eid. That is why they have small breakfast before offering special Eid prayers. Eid prayers are performed in congregation in open areas. No call to prayer Adhan or Iqama is pronounced for the Eid prayer. It includes two rakaat with extra six Takbir. The Eid prayer is completed by the Khutbah and a supplication asking for God’s mercy, blessings, forgiveness and peace for all people across the world. The Khutbah educates Muslims about the rituals like zakat. Listening to Khutbah is called Wajib, and it is one of the important things in the Eid celebrations. It is prohibited to talk, walk or offer prayer during Wajib. After offering prayers, people visit their friends and relatives.